The 1600 Turbo Series III WAM is powered by a liquid-cooled, turbocharged, four-cylinder, 60-hp (44.7-kW) at 3000 rpm, PS diesel engine.
Engine features include:
Engine is a 16-valve (four valves per cylinder, two intake and two exhaust) design:
Other engine features:
The operator can fill the fuel tank without removing the hood. The fuel tank capacity is 22 U.S. gal. (83.3 L) for all-day mowing.
An innovative, exclusive air-intake system draws clean air from the top of the machine instead of the rear. This keeps the radiator cleaner and prevents the engine from overheating.
The high-capacity cooling system combines the radiator and hydraulic oil cooler.
The 1600 Turbo Series III WAM is equipped with a 62-in. (157.5-cm) center deck and two 42-in. (106.7-cm) wings. Cutting widths are 128 in. (325.1 cm) using all three decks, 94 in. (238.8 cm) using the center deck and either wing deck, and 62 in. (157.5 cm) with the center deck only. All decks are rear discharge. Wings fold for transport and reduce the machine’s width to a narrow 84 in. (213 cm), so it can easily be driven along golf-cart-size paths or fit on a trailer. The wing decks will float 45 degrees above horizontal and 20 degrees below horizontal, following the ground contour.
All decks have a unique baffling system that reduces clumping and provides even clipping dispersal for exceptional appearance.
Features common to these rear-discharge mower decks include:
A patented impact-absorbing system is provided:
The isolated deck motor design consists of three cast-iron mounting structures for the deck motors. Rubber isolators that are similar to engine mount isolators are located between the castings and the deck shell brackets.
The rubber isolators allow the castings to flex relative to the deck shell. The addition of the isolators stops the vibration path between the hydraulic motor and the deck shell, thus preventing the amplification of sound by the deck shell.
The deck motors are capable of withstanding high pressure requirements for all-day mowing. Motors have Viton seals, which can withstand higher hydraulic temperatures. The motor contains a dust seal to help eliminate debris from entering into the hydraulic connections.
The lift valve controls the cylinders that lift and lower the decks. It also controls the axial piston deck-motor pump (turns it on and off).
The mow valve controls the hydraulic flow to the wing deck circuits.
A mulch kit is available as an attachment for field conversion. The mulch kit includes unique mulch blades, baffles, and a deflector shield to produce smaller clippings, which decompose faster than un-mulched clippings. Operators should follow the one-third rule when mulching grass.
This mulch kit also does an excellent job when mulching leaves.
BTC10335 TriCycler Mulching Kit
NOTE: Applicable for serial numbers starting with 1TC1600TPBT100007 and higher, model year 2012 and newer.
Viton is a trademark of The Chemours Company.
An air-ride suspension seat is standard equipment and provides maximum operator comfort across a wide range of operator traits. Key adjustments include the following:
The comfortable seat, along with ample legroom in the operator's platform, convenient pedal locations, and adjustable steering column make operator comfort on the John Deere 1600 Turbo Wide-Area Mower among the best in the industry.
The standard air-ride seat with adjustable armrests is designed with comfort, safety, and ergonomics in mind, ensuring relaxed, healthy sitting for hours on end.
The standard high-back, air-ride seat has many high-quality features:
The armrests are standard and the seat pads are replaceable.
Low-effort controls are conveniently grouped on the right-hand side.
The finger-touch controls are:
The individual brakes can be applied by the operator as a traction aid or to reduce the turning radius.
The differential lock is located on the left side of the platform; this allows for easy use of the Twin Touch foot pedals (on the right side) while engaging the differential lock at the same time.
The mower deck switches allow the operator to vary mowing widths, engage and disengage the wing-deck blades, and service and transport the machine.
An instrument panel is located on the steering column for both operator convenience and safety.
Engine glow plug light
The engine glow plug light indicates the intake manifold heater is energized. The operator should wait until the glow plug light goes off before starting the engine.
Engine coolant temperature light
The engine coolant temperature light indicates the engine is overheating. A warning beeper also sounds when the light comes on.
Engine oil pressure light
The engine oil pressure light indicates the engine oil pressure is low. The indicator should be lit as a test to make sure it is working when the key switch is turned to the run position. A warning beeper sounds when the light comes on. The light (and beeper) should go off once the engine starts.
Battery discharge light
The battery discharge light indicates the battery is not getting enough charge from the alternator. The light should come on when the key switch is turned from off to run. The light should go off once the engine starts.
The PDU utilizes three buttons for navigation.
The display’s top-level screens can be cycled through by pressing the center button.
Top level screen functions are as follows:
A - Engine coolant temperature (ECT) screen
B - Pre-heat countdown (HPH) screen
C - Engine rpm (Erpm) screen
D - System voltage (SV) screen
E - Diesel particulate filter (DPF) screen
F - Service menu (IServ) screen
The top-level screens are shown in order of display. To navigate to next top-level screen, press the center button on the PDU. For more information on the different functions, please refer to the machine’s operator’s manual.
Tool tray and cup holder are convenient for the operator to get to:
Mower decks are hydraulically driven using a separate closed-loop system with one gear-type motor for each deck:
The 1600 Turbo Series III Wide-Area Mower (WAM) has an operator-presence system.
In order to start the engine, the following must be met:
In addition, once the engine is running, an interlock automatically shuts the engine and PTO off if the operator leaves the seat. To keep the engine running, the operator must disengage the PTO and set the parking brake before dismounting.
A hydrostatic transmission is used for reliable operation.
Durability features include:
High-range/low-range transaxle allows the following:
The differential lock is standard equipment:
The planetary final drive (label 1 in the drawing) does the following:
Wet-disc brakes (label 2 in the drawing) do the following:
Two-function mechanical rear-wheel drive is standard equipment:
The wing decks rise to a narrow 84-in. (213.4-cm) width and can be locked into transport position. A machine transport speed of 15 mph (24.1 km/h) means the operator can spend less time transporting and more time mowing.
NOTE: The power take-off (PTO) can be engaged while in the transport position.
Proper trailering strap areas
Fasten the machine to the trailer with heavy-duty straps, chains, or cables. Fasten the rear strap to the tow loop behind the rear axle. Fasten the front strap to tie down holes on the operator's platform. Both the front and rear straps must be directed down and outward from the machine.
The rear, frame-mounted bumper provides for excellent rear protection and effective hood sealing for engine cooling.
To operate, pull out on the bottom of the engine cover latches on the left and right side of machine behind the operator’s seat. Unhook the tops of the engine cover latches from the hooks on the engine cover. Push down on the bumper lever and rotate the bumper to the right side of the machine.
The hood and seat platform open for excellent access to the engine and drivetrain. All daily service points are located on the left side of the machine:
The wing decks raise 90 degrees, and the front deck raises 70 degrees for excellent access.
No tools are required to access the mower deck belts.
The diagnostic control module features light-emitting diode (LED) lights and a heartbeat to aid in diagnostics and lead the technician to the proper circuit. Each switch on the machine has its own LED light on the controller, so input and output functions can be diagnosed by observing the appropriate lights.
Service ADVISOR is a John Deere dealership tool capable of providing technical and machine support for technicians and service managers using a laptop computer. It provides symptom-based diagnostics information, machine information, electronic technical information, and connection to John Deere through an extranet at workshops and in the field.
A data port outlet socket is provided on the right-hand instrument panel next to the diagnostic control module console to access important service information with a laptop computer equipped with Service ADVISOR software. Service ADVISOR reduces downtime by allowing technicians to quickly identify the root cause of problems, aid them in identifying the component needing repair, and aid them in the repair procedures. It also significantly reduces the amount of printed materials the technician is required to have at their disposal to perform the repair or maintenance work.
The foot panel is easily removed to allow quick and easy access to service points.
Large, 18x9.5-8 steering (rear) and 26x12-12 (front) drive tires provide excellent traction and flotation. Both tires have a six-ply rating.
Semi-pneumatic mower deck caster tires are standard equipment. Benefits provided by semi-pneumatic tires include:
The two-post folding Roll-Gard ROPS and seat belt are standard equipment:
The standard-equipment Roll-Gard ROPS can be folded to allow for additional clearance when needed. With the ROPS in the folded-down position, the machine fits under a standard doorway.
The ROPS meets the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 21299 ROPS standard – defined test procedures and acceptance criteria for the rollover protective structures of powered ride-on turf care machinery. Under the support of the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute (OPEI), a panel was formed that brought together an international group of ROPS experts that presented the best-learned practices regarding off-highway vehicle operator crush protection. The result of this undertaking is a standard dedicated to protecting operators of powered ride-on turf maintenance equipment.
The ROPS can be folded down without tools for operation under tree canopies or in other confined operating spaces. Operators should leave the ROPS in the upright position for all other mowing:
Folding the ROPS is simple - remove two pins and rotate the top of the Roll-Gard ROPS down. Adjustments can be made from the operator's station.
The folding ROPS performance is certified at the date of manufacture, per the following standard:
Due to the high percentage of operators who prefer the four-post ROPS canopy, a factory-installed option is available. The rear ROPS structure is a black fixed two-post ROPS.
The ROPS comes standard with a canopy and assembles to the 1600 Turbo Series III Wide-Area Mower (WAM) along with a two-post
The four-post ROPS structure includes the following:
The four-post ROPS provides the ability to meet bid requirements that call for a four-post ROPS and offers the ability to use a weather enclosure. It also meets the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 21299 standard.